Aretha Franklin

She was born on March 25, 1945 in Memphis, Tennessee (United States), though most of her childhood was spent in Detroit, Michigan. Daughter of the gospel singer, and one of the most recognized and influential Baptist priests, friend of Martin Luther King, Reverend Clarence LaVaughn Franklin, and gospel singer Barbara Siggers. Her sisters Erma and Carolyn were professional singers, and for years they performed choruses on Aretha’s recordings. eight years old she already knew how to play the piano. Their mother, who abandoned them, died when Aretha was ten years old. Aretha had spent her childhood singing in church and at the age of fourteen she recorded her first album for Checker (The gospel soul of Aretha Franklin).She signed for Columbia in 1961 and the label oriented her career towards jazz, although she was not destined to follow that path, but to mark an era with a style of her own based on her extraordinary voice, which grew up in the fields of blues and gospel. Nicknamed “Lady Soul”, in 1960 she made her first recording with the Motown Record Company, a company with which she soon triumphed. in 1967, her album I Never Loved a Man and five singles, including “Respect” and “I Never”, each sold more than a million copies. Her following increased with Live at Fillmore West (1971) and Young, Gifted and Black (1971), based on both pop and rhythm and blues.the rest of the 70’s were artistically poor, due to their problems with variable humor and broken marriages, combined with their diminishing talent as a composer, and poor choice of material.She won 18 Grammy Awards throughout her career. She continued working during the eighties, a period in which she collaborates with Annie Lennox on “Sisters are Doing it for Themselves” and with George Michael on “I Knew You Were Waiting”.In 2014, she was awarded the honorary Doctor of Arts degree at Harvard University for her contribution to music. His last performance took place in November 2017, in New York, on the occasion of the 25th anniversary of Elton John’s foundation against AIDS.He married Ted White in 1961, despite his father’s objections. This marriage, which suffered domestic violence, was divorced in 1969. She then married actor Glynn Turman on April 11, 1978, becoming the stepmother of Turman’s three children. They separated in 1982 and divorced in 1984. She was also sentimentally linked to musicians such as Sam Cooke and Dennis Edwards, a former member of The Temptations.The queen of soul, who died of pancreatic cancer on Thursday 16 August 2018 in Detroit at the age of 76, suffered from pancreatic cancer in 2010. With it disappeared the last great survivor of the golden age of black American music.

Discography 

Aretha: With The Ray Bryant Combo (1961) 

The Electrifying Aretha Franklin (1962) 

The Tender, the Moving, the Swinging Aretha Franklin (1962) 

Laughing on the Outside (1963) 

Unforgettable: A Tribute to Dinah Washington (1964) 

Runnin’ Out of Fools (1964) 

Yeah!!! (1965) 

Soul Sister (1966) 

Take It Like You Give It (1967) 

I Never Loved a Man the Way I Love You (1967) 

Aretha Arrives (1967) 

Lady Soul (1968) 

Aretha Now (1968) 

Soul ’69 (1969) 

Soft and Beautiful (1969) 

This Girl’s in Love with You (1970) 

Spirit in the Dark (1970) 

Young, Gifted and Black (1972) 

Hey Now Hey (The Other Side of the Sky) (1973) 

Let Me in Your Life (1974) 

With Everything I Feel in Me (1974) 

You (1975) 

Sparkle (1976) 

Sweet Passion (1977) 

Almighty Fire (1978) 

La Diva (1979) 

Aretha (1980) 

Love All the Hurt Away (1981) 

Jump to It (1982) 

Get It Right (1983) 

Who’s Zoomin’ Who? (1985) 

Aretha (1986) 

Through the Storm (1989) 

What You See Is What You Sweat (1991) 

A Rose Is Still a Rose (1998) 

So Damn Happy (2003) 

This Christmas, Aretha (2008) 

Aretha: A Woman Falling Out of Love (2011) 

Aretha Franklin Sings the Great Diva Classics (2014)